Nazi Exploitation of Youth and Parental Alienation. 1

Hitlerjunge Quex – The Nazi Boy Hero. 1

Your Child Belongs to Us! 4

The Indoctrinated Child, Germany’s Bravest Solider. 4

 

Nazi Exploitation of Youth and Parental Alienation

Prof. Kelly compared Pavlik's cult to the cult boy-hero created by the Nazi propaganda, based in small part – on a real story, just as that of Pavlik Morozov.  In the movie Hitlerjunge Quex (1933,) a 12-year old Heini Völker defies his drunken, abusive Communist father and joins the Hitler Youth where he becomes a national hero. Defying the family and choosing the camaraderie of the Hitlerjugend troops as their true family, instead was set in motion as a Nazi state policy. The results were monstrous in scale, and for a variety of reasons too embarrassing to remember, yet they are being emulated in various parts of the world, including democracies such as the US.

Hitlerjunge Quex – The Nazi Boy Hero

 

Hitler Youth propaganda Hitlerjunge Quex – was a child hero of the Hitler Youth. A film directed by Hans Steinhoff (1933) became even more popular than the original (1932) book by Karl Aloys Schenzinger, based in part on real events. Having rebelled against his Communist father, a choleric unemployed drunk who tormented his wife, the boy’s mother, the boy leaves the Young Communist group, with its children’s “decadent Jewish mentality” of alcoholism and sex. He joins the Hitler Youth chapter, but they do not trust him, as he is a “turncoat.” But he warns his new comrades of a planned Communist bomb attack upon the Hitler-Jugend hostel and thus wins their trust. 

 

Having not overcome the Oedipus complex, he “loves” and tries to “protect” his mother and he hates his communist father. But she is just a weak-willed woman, who can’t take the danger her son puts himself in by leaving the Communists and joining the Nazional Socialists, so she tries to put an end to it all –  turns on the gas and tries to poison herself and her child. She dies, but our hero survives. It must be noted that massive defections from the Nazi camp into the Communist political camp and vice versa were commonplace in Germany in those days.

 

Only in the Hitler Youth does young Heini find the fellowship, wholesomeness and direction he so badly craves and needs. He becomes a courier for the Hitler Youth troop, working hard printing leaflets, sometimes overnight, delivering them with a lightning-fast speed to various neighborhoods of Berlin, so that he is compared to quicksilver (German: "Quecksilber") and earns the Party nickname "Quex." But he is ambushed and mortally wounded by a band of Communist youths.

 

When his Hitler-Junge comrades try to help him, it is already too late. As he is dying, with his last breath he is heard whispering the Hitler Youth anthem.  The last vision before his eyes was the rows upon rows of storm troopers marching, with the Nazi banners in the backgrounds.  

 

The film conveys a simple idea: the German youth is a state possession. The German youth belongs to Germany, not his parents. Those damn useless vacillators between communism and Nazional Socialism, as Quex’s father, and weak-willed old women, like his mother! The film heralded the Nazi New Order. The film’s narrative, it appears, presented the facts of Heini's experiences dispassionately, but it is a clever propaganda trick: the characters are drawn with a stark contrast: the idealistic Hitler Youths and the depraved Communist youths. As a result, only a mature, critical mind would avoid reaching the conclusions the Nazis wanted.

 

From the position of a 65-year-old man who has gone through hell and high water and seen it all, from the Nazis to Soviets, to the most sophisticated American methods of brainwashing, as I did, the movie is a ridiculously crude propaganda flick. But so are numerous movies, serials and other programming produced en mass in Hollywood and splashed on Americas TV screens in 1980’s-2010s for everyone spiritual consumption. The main difference is that the guise of “objectivity” is just a smidgen more believable and the objectives of such mind programming are made to appear a smidgen more “humane,” but the propagandistic aspect of this mind-programming effort is just as apparent, at least from the vintage point of my life experience.

Kelly points out the influence of this cult movie upon the creators of the Pavlik Morozov’s cult, and the “necessity” to counter the cult of Hitlerjunge Quex, they perhaps saw. 

 

Both the novel and the movie Hitlerjunge Quex were based on the real story of the boy named Herbert Norkus. Herbert, a Hitler Youth member, died from the stab wounds he suffered when allegedly confronted by Communist youths on the night of 23 / 24 January, 1932 in the Beusselkietz neighborhood of Moabit, Berlin, where he was putting out posters about an upcoming Hitler Youth meeting.

 

The very next morning, Joseph Goebbels (future minister of Propaganda and Enlightenment of Nazi Germany) used Norkus' death for propaganda purposes, during a rally in Berlin's Sportpalast. The boy’s funeral in Berlin was turned into a major Nazi ceremonial event, all Nazi organizations united and present. 

 

The German Communists launched a propaganda counter-offensive, alleging   the incident was an accidental result of Communists’ self-defense against a Nazi attack. At the subsequent trial, several persons were sentenced, but the alleged accomplices Willi Simon, Bernhard Klingbeil and Harry Tack managed to escape to the Soviet Union.

 

Your Child Belongs to Us!

 

So claimed a political poster depicting a cute 10-year-old girl, a proxy for all German children. Ten years of age, as psychologists would attest to, is the age when children become most vulnerable to parental alienation. To those harboring disapproval of the Nazi regime, Hitler laconically posed a question, with an ominous built-in answer: “Your child belongs to us already. What are you? You will pass on…” Another poster, “Offzieren von Morgen,” (Officers of Tomorrow) elucidated upon why the state had such great love for the nation’s children, that by 1945 it enlisted over 10 million in Hitlerjugend.

 

GERADE DU! recruiting poster for the SS, came out at the end of war, the time when the Nazis were recruiting teenage soldiers. The caption doesn’t translate directly, but means: “Enlist now!” A literal translation would be: “Especially you!”  The Mottos for Boys were, "Live Faithfully, Fight Bravely, and Die Laughing!”, “We were born to die for Germany!”, “You are nothing–your Volk is everything!” The Motto for Girls was “Be Faithful, Be Pure, Be German!” Hitler-Jugend was made up of the Hitlerjugend proper, for boys ages 14–18; the younger boys' section Deutsches Jungvolk for ages 10–14; and the girls' section Bund Deutscher Mädel (BDM, the League of German Girls.)

 

The Indoctrinated Child, Germany’s Bravest Solider

Waffen-SS recruiting poster German

So pervasive was Nazi indoctrination, that Hitlerjugend became Germani’s elite troops. The shocking fanaticism and reckless bravery of the Hitler Youth in battle astounded the British and Canadians who fought them in Normandy. If encircled or outnumbered, they fought-on until there were no survivors. Young boys had to be shot dead by Allied soldiers, old enough, in some cases, to be their fathers. From 6 June 1944 (the D-Day) to 22 August, 1944 one of the Nazi divisions, 12th Panzer Division named “Hitlerjugend” after the youth organization from which it recruited soldiers, had lost approximately 8,000 killed, wounded or missing, mostly teens. At age 17, the Hitler Youth boys were as strong as grown up men, and – after years of brainwashing – far more willing to fight to the bitter end than mature men. Out of 22,540 soldiers and officers in the 12th Waffen SS division “Hitlerjugend”, 12,500 survived the campaign in Normandy. The “fearless, cruel, and domineering” youth Hitler had been creating, had now arrived on the battlefield,  demonstrating utter contempt for danger and reckless disregard for their own life and limb, even despite allied absolute air superiority and unprecedetly heavy artillery bombardment from the hundreds of allied ships. By the end of WW-II out of 22,540 soldiers and officers of the 12th SS-Panzer division “Hitlerjugend,” the surviving 2% of its personnel surrendered on May 8, 1945 to the American 7th Army. What was left of the Panzer divison was not exactly a whole lot – just 455 soldiers and one tank.[1] 

 

Shown on the photographs here are the SS-Panzer-Grenadiers of 12th SS-Panzer-Division “Hitlerjugend” taken prisoner by American forces in the Falaise Pocket, when the U.S. First Army, Gen. Patton's Third Army and the British and Canadians advanced toward Falaise and on 19th of August trapped the remains of 19 German divisions. “If the boys happened to get cornered by American troops, they often battled until the last boy was killed rather than surrender. And the boys kept getting younger. American troops reported capturing armed 8-year-olds at Aachen in Western Germany and knocking out artillery units operated entirely by boys aged twelve and under. Girls were also used now, operating the heavy 88-mm anti-aircraft guns [dueling against the allied tanks] alongside the boys.”[2]

 

 


All rights reserved ● Copyright ©  2011, Eric Ross, Ph.D.

 

 



[1] Grenadiers: The Story Of Waffen SS General Kurt 'Panzer' Meyer (Stackpole Military History, 2005); 436 pages; ISBN: 0811731979; See also, Hitler's Boy Soldiers.  http://www.historyplace.com/worldwar2/hitleryouth/hj-boy-soldiers.htm