The Directive No 22 of the Allied Air Command did not go unnoticed. On the eve of the New Year, December 31, 1943, Goebbels in his address to the German people presented his view of the war waged by the Anglo-American Allies:
<<… the state of
things requires that he [
Dr. Goebbels lied. His Anglo-American enemy did not invent the “total war,” Nazis pioneered the concept long before Dr. Goebbels “rallied the nation” behind the “total war” in 1943; However, as to the massive scale of bombing the innocent civilian populations, it remains the Anglo-American trademark by a significant margin, supersized in the atomic bombing of the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, and the conventional firebombing air raids on Tokyo, just one of which resulting in at least 100,000 civilian deaths, 1 million injured and one million rendered homeless. International law and “war crimes” are funny this way: The “heroic deeds” of the victor could easily become “war crimes” should he ultimately lose the armed conflict.
On the night of February
Americans were scheduled
Out of 431 US heavy
bombers scheduled to bomb
In 2008, and again in 2010, an independent investigation commissioned
by the city council of
Despite all the talk about military targets, most revealing of the true reasons for the raid was a memo issued by RAF to the bomber crews just before the raid:
Russians, their national psychic
and economy badly wounded by the German occupation and destruction of WW-II,
took the hint very seriously – especially when reinforced by the
There are no documents
that directly link Winston Churchill to the air raid on Dresden, although many
people have opined that it was ultimately his decision, or that he even
secretly ordered it to oblige the Russians, who had asked him at Yalta
conference on 4th of February to bomb tank factories and to disrupt
German communications and supplies to the Eastern Front.
It is quite amazing that
even today the USAF academy continues to brainwash its cadets with cheap
propaganda of the “cold war” era: the s.c. “ ‘historical analysis’ of the 14-15
February 1945 bombings of Dresden” Prepared by USAF Historical Division,
Research Studies Institute of US Air University, writes a heading (in bold
thick font) “The Russian Request for
Allied Bombing of Communications in the Dresden Area” and “explains” it by
the Russians’ specific request received from Stalin: “By air action on communications hinder the enemy from carrying out the
shifting of his troops to the East from the Western Front, from Norway, and
from Italy (In particular, to paralyze the junctions of Berlin and Leipzig).” Since when “communications” (meaning railroad
junctions) in the Russian request, translates into bombing the hell out of the
In reaction to a sudden
shift in the public opinion in the independent press of the neutral nations
against area bombings, Churchill tried to distance himself from it, a half-hearted political move
reflecting his moral ambivalence in the face of war. The raid on
Thus, six weeks after the raid, in his memo of March 28 sent by telegram to General Ismay, for the British Chiefs of Staff and the Chief of Air Staff, he noted: “The Foreign Secretary has spoken to me on this subject, and I feel the need for more precise concentration upon military objectives such as oil and communications behind the immediate battle-zone, rather than on mere acts of terror and wanton destruction, however impressive” ,  .
For whatever reasons –
emotional, military, strategic, political or propagandist or – all of the
Although the destruction
<< Shown in the
following chart are the total tonnages of bombs that were expanded by the Allies
against the six cities in
Population in 1939
Total Bomb Tonnages
States Strategic Bombing Survey estimated that 305,000 persons were killed and
780,000 were wounded as the consequence of all Allied bombings against
I doubt any numbers are “reasonable” or “acceptable” to the relatives of those civilians who died, albeit they might be termed “statistically reliable.”
Ironically, Franklin D. Roosevelt described the 1940 Nazi blitzkrieg of British cities as “inhuman barbarism.” It was, indeed,… except it was on a miniscule scale when compared to the magnitude of destruction by the Allied air-raids.
At the time of the
In all honesty, we in the
so called Western Democracies, are engaged in sanctimonious posturing about the
“war on terror” when we used terror against civilians on a grandest of scales,
both in WW-II and after. As recently as 1999, Pres. William J. Clinton raised a
media campaign dehumanizing Serbs, while killing over 2,500 civilians in a
cowardly air bombing campaign just to redirect the public’s attention from the
Monicagate, his affair with Monica Lewinsky, the White House intern his
daughter’s age, and to score loyalty points with the Saudis. With many countries in possession of
British philosopher A. C. Grayling
described British area bombardment of WW-II as a “moral crime” because
“destroying everything ... contravenes every moral and humanitarian principle
debated in connection with the just conduct of war”, but “it is not strictly
correct to describe area bombing as a ‘war crime’.”
American novelist Kurt Vonnegut's wrote Slaughterhouse-Five
or The Children's Crusade: A Duty-Dance with Death (1969) from his
experiences as an American prisoner of war in
Kurt Vonnegut was a victim of the bombing, an anti-war writer, not a historian. In his opinion, there was no rhyme or reason, no cause or consequence in this barbaric slaughter, which is neither true historically or accurate militarily.
In the American 1964 edition of the Apocalypse 1945: The Destruction of
think it would have been well for Mr. Irving to have remembered, when he was
drawing the frightful picture of the civilians killed at Dresden, that V-1's
and V-2's were at that very time failing on England, killing civilian men,
women and children indiscriminately, as they were designed and launched to do.
It might be well to remember Buchenwald and
David Irving was
permitted to visit Churchill’s office, preserved exactly as it was when the
legendary PM left office in July 1945. He noted a panoramic picture viewer and
turned it on: the stereo pictures the prime minister left on display were those
of the destruction of
V-1’s were the first in the world
mass-produced guided missiles. They
inflicted tremendous damage and casualties on
Germans mass-produced the first sub-orbital ballistic
missiles, and deployed them against allies’ cities. Exactly 6,048 V-2 ballistic
missiles were built in
Countermeasures against V-2, let alone interception, were
almost impossible at the time: 20 seconds after the launch, a V2 was already in
the stratosphere and out of reach of aircraft and projectiles; the time from
launch to impact in
While a number of the jet-propelled V-1 flying bombs were
downed by allied fighter pilots, only one V-2 was ever shot down.
Serendipitously observed at launch from an American B-24 Liberator heavy
bomber, which happened to be in the area, it was in the range and shot down by
.50 caliber machine-gun fire. V-2’s were deadly, creating a crater
Allies’ leaders had plenty to worry about. From a
well-developed German jet-plane program, which began in 1930’s and had 8
different working models, some prototypes so advanced, they were produced many
years later, to A-9/A-10 Inter Continental Ballistic Missile (ICBM), under
Wernher von Braun Projekt Amerika, which began in 1940, with the purpose of
striking New York and Eastern United States and the futuristic orbital rocket bomber
program of Dr. Eugen Sänger’s SilverVogel, incarnated nowadays in NASA’s Space
Shuttle. Projekt Amerika was
ready to go, just waiting for a spy team to install a radio beacon atop the
Several thousands of V-2 ballistic missile strikes upon England and Belgium, combined with intelligence on Germany’s atomic bomb program and America’s own success with making the first two atomic bombs, only hardened the will of allies to finish the war as soon as possible, even if they had to level all of Germany’s cities, and sacrifice hundreds of thousands of their own soldiers, as did Stalin, in order to achieve victory as soon as possible (and capture as much as possible of German advanced technology.)
 Goebbels’ Speech on New Year’s Eve, 31 December 1943 http://www.calvin.edu/academic/cas/gpa/goeb63.htm
 Rhodes, Richard. "The Making of the Atomic Bomb". p 599; Simon & Schuster Paperbacks (1984); ISBN 0-684-81378-5.
Richard G (2006). Bombing the European Axis Powers. A Historical Digest of the
Combined Bomber Offensive 1939–1945.
February 1945: Thousands of bombs destroy
Paul & Crang, Jeremy A. (eds.). Firestorm: The Bombing of
Richard G (2006). Bombing the European Axis Powers. A Historical Digest of the
Combined Bomber Offensive 1939–1945 PDF.
 Davis, Richard G (2006). Bombing the European Axis Powers. A Historical Digest of the Combined Bomber Offensive 1939–1945. Alabama: Air University Press. P.504
 Landeshauptstadt Dresden (1 October 2008). "Erklärung der Dresdner Historikerkommission zur Ermittlung der Opferzahlen der Luftangriffe auf die Stadt Dresden am 13./14. Februar 1945". Landeshauptstadt Dresden.
(2003). Strategic Bombing by the
historical analysis’ of the 14-15 February 1945 bombings of
 Siebert, Detlef. "British Bombing Strategy in World War Two", 1 August 2001, BBC, last retrieved May 27, 2011; http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/worldwars/wwtwo/area_bombing_01.shtml
 US Air Force Historical Studies Office http://www.airforcehistory.hq.af.mil/PopTopics/dresden.htm
 U.S. Army Air Forces in World War II: Combat Chronology; March 1945; http://www.airforcehistory.hq.af.mil/PopTopics/chron/45mar.htm
McNeill. The night hell fell from the sky.
 Rhodes, Richard. "The Making of the Atomic Bomb". p 599. Simon & Schuster Paperbacks, 1984; ISBN 0-684-81378-5.
Night Hell Fell From the Sky; Sixty years ago,
 Robert S. McNamara, Architect of a Futile War, Dies at 93; By TIM WEINER, July 6, 2009; http://www.nytimes.com/2009/07/07/us/07mcnamara.html
 Grayling, A.C. (2006). Among the Dead Cities. Walker Publishing Company Inc. ISBN 0-8027-1471-4, pp. 245-6, and 272-5.
 Air Raid Precautions - Deaths and injuries
(information collected by a
 “Impact points of V-1 and V-2 around Antwerp.” v2rocket.com.
 Am Anfang war die V2. Vom Beginn der Weltraumschifffahrt in Deutschland. In: Utz Thimm (Hrsg.): Warum ist es nachts dunkel? Was wir vom Weltall wirklich wissen. Kosmos, 2006, S. 158, ISBN 3-440-10719-1
 Stocker, Jeremy (Nov/Dec 2004). "Missile Defence – Then and Now". The Officer Magazine: 34–37.
Rocket Plane to Nuke
Dr.Ing. Eugen Sänger http://www.pp.htv.fi/jwestman/space/sang-e.html;
the intelligence reports and several books published in the after-WW-II period
on the subject of